Thursday, May 7, 2015

Can You Donate Plasma With A Bruise?

Q: Can you give plasma with a bruise? My husband went to go give plasma for the second time today, and the center deferred him for the bruises on his arm before he could even donate (he got them two days ago). I had similar bruises in the past and went in to donate blood as well as blood tests and they never told to wait until the bruises healed.

Answer: You can't donate plasma with a fresh, non-healed bruise on your arm (some nurses might let you get away with it though).

However, you have the right to donate plasma once the bruise has passed the pale yellow stage and is mostly healed  - meaning that most of the blood is gone from the skin. Typically when it fades from purple to green or yellow, bruising will disappear the next day.

 If you have a bruise near where the needle goes into both arms (even your backup arm), you will then be adjourned until the bruise has disappeared. If a bruise happens while you are donating plasma, most centers will stop the donation to keep it from getting worse.

A bruise is the result of blunt force trauma to tissue capillaries, which causes them to crack. They are tiny fragile blood vessels leading just under the skin, as well as larger veins, from which you make your plasma donations. If you donate while you have a bruise, you'll cause more blood to flow to the injured area, prolonging healing times.

 Can Plasma Donation Cause a Bruise?

 I will tell you my story: I once got a bruise on my arm because a plebotomist stuck the needle in my arm wrong. They say it is rare side effect of the plasma donation. But you may also be more likely to develop a bruise if the donation is more difficult than usual. Bruises can happen to anyone.

 Every time I went to donate, however, plasma Telecris left bruises on me. And I'm one that rarely bruises easily - even if I hit something hard. I've been shooting in competitions a long time and never had a bruise even close to those left behind by the plasma donation.

I got a serious injury donating plasma twice, the last being the worse. The plasma center tried to pump the blood back into my arm, but failed to into a vein. Fluid (blood, plasma and anticoagulants) was pumped back into my shoulder outside my veins, and between it and the skin of my arm, causing a giant purple stain. I had a softball-sized bruise on my arm, which lasted about four weeks. Beautiful, isn't it?

They say you should not feel pain or discomfort during a plasma donations - donations only cause a  painful bruise is if you have an inexperienced phlebotemist that pushes the needle in too far, hitting a nerve. The result is pain for the donor and a rather large bruise.

So I started CSL Plasma donations, and he had no pain or bruising since. Now I'll only get a bruise when there is a problem with needle insertion. Once I got a small bruise where the needle was inserted too far, but for the most part, I'm free of bruising and have more disposable income. I tried to pass inspection at CSL yesterday but was postponed for at least two weeks because of an injury to my left shoulder of dropping a ladder on it. Go figure.

If you do have a bruise these tips can help within the first 36 hours of when the bruise appeared:

  • Icing the area is one of the best ways to speed up the healing process of the bruise. This is a great option if the blemish is located on the arm or leg. Always wrap cold compresses in a clean, dry cloth before applying ice to the bruise don't use it for more than 15 minutes at a time.
  • You can also use a warm compress or heating pad and apply to the bruise for 20 minutes 3-5 times a day until the bruise disappears.
  •  Parsley is known to reduce inflammation, pain and duration of the bruise. To successfully follow this suggestion, crush the leaves of parsley in pasty and rub this paste directly on a bruise. Massage bruise for about 20-30 minutes, then rinse herbs.
  • Also, make sure to get plenty of sleep the first night after you get a bruise, to allow your broken capillaries to heal.

The arms being equal, donate with the one will be less annoying to have a huge bruise on, just in case. Other than that it might be better to ask what it is exactly what makes your veins good for donations.

If you're considering donating plasma to help others, or just put some cash in your pocket, go in and talk to the trained nurses on staff first, to get a better idea of what you'll experience while there.

Can You Donate Plasma With Cancer?

Q: I have often wanted to contribute to blood banks and drives, but I had breast cancer five years ago. Does being a cancer survivor prevent me from donating plasma?

Why can't someone who had cancer, even once, donate plasma for people battling potentially life-threatening cancer?

Answer: The type of cancer and treatment history will determine your eligibility to donate. 

After five years in cancer patients whose cancer was successfully treated by surgery and which do not affect blood cancer (e.g., breast cancer survivors of brain, liver, stomach, cervix, testis and lung cancer) may re-transfer plasma. This is because some types of cancer and cancer treatment damage blood cells.

Many cancer patients can give plasma after treatment. Once low risks squamous cell carcinoma or primary cells such as cancer of the skin have been completely removed, you do not have to wait for a period of 12 months.

On its list of eligibility requirement
s to donate blood, the American Red Cross says that people who have been diagnosed with cancer or cancer can donate if they have been successfully treated, and at least 12 months have passed with no recurrence of cancer. These questions are asked to ensure that it is medically safe to donate blood and that the person who receives your blood isn't harmed any way.

Some private practice physicians will let autologous plasma donors to donate who otherwise do not qualify for a donation to the general public.

Can I Donate Plasma While in treatment for cancer?

 Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells and keep them from growing. Chemotherapy is another treatment of cancer, which uses the drug to arrest growth of cancer cells by killing or stopping cell division.

Both of these cancer treatments damage to healthy cells of the plasma. The course of cancer treatment, such as surgery, chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation or cancer itself can cause temporary postponement.

For example, someone who takes medication for cancer or heart disease will not be accepted as a blood donor. You can donate double red, platelets or plasma cells with automatic donations.

Skin Cancer

You can donate with skin cancer of non-melanoma skin (basal and squamous cell skin cancer), and a tumor that has been eliminated or treatment has been completed more than a week. A person who was properly treated for skin cancer (squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma) and with no recurrence of cancer, can give plasma. The blood component is often necessary in patients with cancer.

For non-melanoma skin cancer or localized cancer that has not spread elsewhere, a person can give blood if the tumor has been removed and the treatment is completed.

Multiple myeloma (Blood Cancer)

 Multiple myeloma (also known as multiple myeloma) is a blood cancer of plasma cells. Myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow.

Multiple myeloma is the second most common blood cancer (10%) after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 37 is approximately 1% of all tumors and 2% of all cancer deaths.

Since myeloma can have a negative impact on consumers in the plasma donations of cancer cells, people with blood cancer (even effectively treat blood cancer) can not donate.

Blood cancer can affect blood, bone marrow and the lymphatic system. 
Leukemia, lymphoma and cancer of the blood cells are an automatic deferral, but the donation is possible in the case of other types of cancer if a person is in full remission with no other treatment regimen.

Breast cancer

Tamoxifen and other drugs used to treat breast cancer are acceptable provided the donor meets all the other criteria. For example, in the case of breast cancer spreads to the bones, the cancer cells in bone is in fact breast carcinoma cells.  

Thus, patients with breast cancer can give plasma with the proviso that the cancer has not spread to the liver, kidney, stomach, blood, and bone.

Prostate Cancer

 If you have or had in the past 5 years prostate cancer, we will have to ask you to not give blood plasma. Blood plasma may also be refused from cancer patients who have undergone splenectomy or bone grafts, or who have had cancer in the blood production system (e.g., liver cancer).

If you are at risk, it is important not to give plasma. These antibodies can identify substances in cancer cells or normal substances that may help cancer cells grow.

Can I Spread Cancer by Donating Plasma, even during remission?

The chance of developing cancer from blood donors with cancer is very small, if it exists at all.

The results show that donors whose cancer has not spread and did not require further treatment besides surgery to remove the cancer have little chance of getting the cancer cells into the bloodstream. They found no increased risk of cancer in those who got the blood of those who have been found to cancer shortly after grants.

Other studies have documented a smaller total mortality after diagnosis of blood donors when comparing cancer and the cancer is not a donor population. We also did not find an excess risk when we considered the location and severity of cancer in the donor, or when evaluated site-specific cancer risk from customers.

Additional studies have shown that repeated blood donation was not associated with an increased or decreased risk of cancer overall.

What happens after Donating Plasma

 Donors will be asked to complete a questionnaire, which includes several questions about health and lifestyle in order to determine whether a person is eligible to donate blood based on the requirements. There are also studies done to diagnose any cancer and to find out stage of the cancer may be repeated.

Applications of Plasma

 One whole blood donation can help up to two patients and platelet donation can help 3 patients.Platelets are used to help cancer patients and some patients with blood disorders. Plasma products are used by burns, trauma, and cancer patients.

Platelets assist in blood coagulation and frequently go to cancer patients because, due to chemotherapy, many cancer individuals can not generate a sufficient amount of platelets on their own. The frozen plasma is used to control bleeding and platelet concentrate is used for leukemia and cancer patients and in patients with deficiency of the bone marrow.

How Plasma and Platelet Donations Help Cancer Patients

Plasma is needed in the treatment of burn victims, trauma patients and patients with blood disorders, cancer and liver disease. Cancer patients can require transfusions of platelets or their bone marrow is not producing enough. Cancer treatment often requires red blood cells and platelets.

This type of donation helps many different patients. Some donations are used for transfusion, but because other blood components (red blood cells and platelets) are used more often than plasma, plasma that would otherwise expire is used for medication.

Part of the red cell donation will go to cancer patients undergoing surgery or who become weak and anemic from their cancer treatment program. Part of platelet donation to help cancer patients who have a compromised ability to produce plasma because of their particular cancer or the treatment program. 

For more information about the fight against cancer through Plasma Donations

If a cancer survivor is eligible to donate blood depends on many factors. When it comes to deciding on the best treatment, it all depends on what type of cancer the patient has, and if it is an advanced form and a danger to overall health.
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